Green Construction Technology and Material
Did you know construction activities worldwide consume 3 billion tons of raw materials annually? We may reduce this number by utilizing green construction techniques without sacrificing the robustness and longevity of our buildings.
Sustainable construction technology is another name for the idea of green construction technology. This indicates that the structure is built to use less energy, have significant design flexibility, require little maintenance, have better air quality, etc.
What is Green Construction Technology?
Green construction technology refers to the application of design principles in structures, buildings, and commercial spaces that are resource- and environmentally aware throughout the building’s life cycle, from planning to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition.
Many construction companies worldwide utilize green construction technology since it is cost-effective and ecologically friendly. It is a shining example of a contemporary development that satisfies immediate requirements without sacrificing those of coming generations. Moreover, it helps to save a significant quantity of energy that may subsequently be applied to other tasks, reducing the need for fossil fuels. For developing countries, green construction technology will be a blessing because it helps to reduce energy consumption and promote sustainable development.
Technologies used in Green Construction
The main goal is to guarantee that building and construction techniques are affordable, long-lasting, and have minimal adverse environmental and public health consequences. In addition, they emphasized conserving water, preserving energy and resources, improving workplace health, and cutting down on waste and pollution.
A cool roof regulates the temperature inside a building by reflecting extreme heat or keeping the air within. This lessens the load on air conditioning systems and lowers the pollutants produced by running our heating and cooling systems.
Increased solar reflectance and reduced thermal emittance are two features of cool roofing. In other words, they reflect more of the sun’s rays than a typical shingle roof and keep the inside temperature from escaping through the building’s top. Their reflectivity can aid in reducing the heat island effect, which makes urban and suburban regions significantly hotter than the nearby rural areas when exposed to strong sunshine.
Geothermal heating uses the Earth’s natural energy as a source of energy. Compared to coal-powered electricity or natural gas, geothermal energy is a highly effective renewable energy source far more environmentally benign.
Passive and Active Solar Power
The passive solar home design harnesses the sun’s rays to heat a home through carefully chosen window locations. Numerous windows let in solar energy, and a surface that absorbs heat, such as a dark wall, keeps the heat in to warm the home. In addition, air vents and fans can aid in distributing that air around the house.
Active solar systems produce more heat than passive solar architecture. This is because solar panels utilize the heat from the sun’s radiation to warm water or air, reducing the need for gas or power in the process.
Construction can be made environmentally friendly by using sustainable resources. It’s unnecessary for readily biodegradable materials like responsibly harvested bamboo, wood, mycelium, traditional linoleum, and organic paints to end up in a landfill. They quickly degrade without producing pollutants, limiting the adverse effects on the environment.
A passive house relies on the structure’s architecture rather than mechanical or electrical equipment. Every part of a building uses solar energy to regulate the temperature, either by heating a home in the winter or excluding the heat in the summer. Compared to the average building, passive homes can reduce cooling-related energy use by up to 90%.
Construction can be done “off-site” in a controlled setting thanks to prefabrication. Compared to traditional buildings, this type requires fewer workers and produces less waste on a financial and environmental level. The other significant advantage is that because prefabrication and modular building are regulated environments, worker safety is much more assured.